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P.Ant. 3 185 = Trismegistos 60190 = LDAB 1307

DCLP Transcription [xml]


Hippocrates, De natura hominis 15 & 16 (= De diaeta salubri 1). The papyrus fragment (10.5 x 12.5 cm) preserves the bottom of a page from a squared codex of rather poor quality. The codex is characterized by wide margins, and contained a single column of 23-24 lines. No lectional signs survive. The medical text on side B, written along the fibers, contains part of the 15th chapter of Hippocrates' De natura hominis, while the text on side A, across the fibers, is from the beginning of Hippocrates' De diaeta salubri (= De natura hominis 16 Jouanna). The sequence of the two works demonstrates that the last chapter of the De natura hominis, also known under the title De diaeta salubri, belonged to the same treatise also in the Late Antiquity. The script is informal and slightly sloping, and can be assigned to the 6th c. AD.

(This papyrus has been digitally edited by Francesca Corazza as part of the Project "DIGMEDTEXT - Online Humanities Scholarship: A Digital Medical Library based on Ancient Texts" (ERC-AdG-2013, Grant Agreement no. 339828) funded by the European Research Council at the University of Parma (Principal Investigator: Prof. Isabella Andorlini). The digital edition is mostly based on the previous edition (J.W.B. Barns, P.Ant. III 185; descr. A. Lami - D. Manetti, CPF I.2.1 18, 11).)

side A
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
1[ -ca.?- ]  ̣  ̣  ̣[ -ca.?- ]
[ -ca.?- ]  ̣  ̣  ̣  ̣  ̣  ̣
[ -ca.?- παρεχούση]ς τ̣ο̣ῦ̣ τ̣ε̣
[διαψύχεσθαι τὸ σῶμα πλέον μετέχουσι]ν̣ π̣ρ̣οσγίνετα̣ι̣
5[δὲ αὐτοῖσιν ἀπὸ μελαίνης χολῆς τὸ περι]σσὸν τοῦτο καὶ
[δυσαπάλλακτον μέλαινα γὰρ χολὴ τ]ῶν ἐ̣ν̣ τ̣ῷ̣ σ̣ώ̣μ̣α̣[τι]
[ἐνεόντων γλισχρότατον καὶ τὰς ἕδρ]α̣ς χρονιωτέρας̣
[ποιεῖται γνώσῃ δὲ τῷδε ὅτι οἱ τ]ε̣ταρταῖοι πυρετοὶ
[μετέχουσι τοῦ μελαγχολικοῦ φ]θ̣ινοπώρου μάλιστα
10[οἱ ἄνθρωποι ἁλίσκονται ὑπὸ τῶ]ν̣ τεταρταίων καὶ
[ἐν τῇ ἡλικίῃ τῇ ἀπὸ πέντε καὶ εἴκοσιν ἐ]τ̣ῶ̣ν ἐς τὰ δύο
side B
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
1κ[αὶ λα]χ[άνοισιν ἤδη χρῆσθαι τοῦ ἦρος ὀλίγοισιν ὅπως]
ἐς τὴν θ[εριὴν καταστήσεται ὥνθρωπος τοῖσι τε σιτίοισι]
μαλακοῖσι [ -ca.?- καὶ τοῖσι]
πώμασιν ω̣[ς -ca.?- μὴ μεγάλη]
5ἡ μεταβολὴ ἔστα̣[ι -ca.?- ]
[τῇ τε μάζ]ῃ̣ μα̣λ[ακη -ca.?- ]
[  ̣  ̣  ̣]- ca.9 -[ -ca.?- ]
δεῖ γὰρ χρῆσθαι το̣ύ̣τ̣[οισιν -ca.?- ]
τὸ σῶμα καὶ μαλθακὸν [ -ca.?- ]
10ξηρὴ καὶ παρέχεται τ̣[ὰ σώματα -ca.?- ]
αὐχμηρὰ δεῖ οὖν̣ τ̣ο̣[ῖσιν -ca.?- ]


  • 3.

    τ̣ο̣υ̣ τ̣ε̣: τοῦ δέ in [M V] C E H I J K γ ε.

  • 7.

    χυμῶν is probably omitted after ἐνεόντων, cf. MS C (204.14).

  • 11.

    τῇ is probably not omitted in the papyrus.

  • 3-4.

    The papyrus text is shorter than that in the MSS (206.8-10).

  • 4.

    MSS have πόμασιν instead of πωμασιν.

  • 8-9.

    The papyrus text differs from both Galen and the MSS, cf. C τὸ σῶμα ψυχρὸν ᾖ καὶ μαλθακόν; M ψυχρὸν τὸ σῶμα ᾖ καὶ μαλθακὸν; A τὸ σῶμα ψυχρὸν καὶ μαλακὸν.

Editorial History; All History; (detailed)